There is a quiet debate going on surrounding the pressure by many for the development of a gender, ethnically, and racially neutral language for use when discussing political, social, and cultural issues and topics. Termed “political correctness,” and taking shape over the past 30 or so years, it is for many in academia, journalism, and other arenas, pretty much become a standard in writing and other forms of expression.
In theory, political correctness means to maintain a position of neutrality, presumably looking past the mere presence of difference toward the humanness of the individual, or group in question. Many contend, however, that there are certain elements lost from language with this type of censoring, that we lose the edges and character that make us who we are at this moment in time. Some believe strongly that in the end, the politically correct movement actually serves to dismantle, repeatedly, the very culture of inclusiveness, and commonality of the human experience it is striving to maintain. Others go even further and argue that the movement in effect works to silence those who diverge from politically correct positions, in effect censoring alternative thoughts and ideas in mainstream culture.
History has demonstrated time and again that language is a powerful weapon in shaping the beliefs and assumptions of those immersed in it, and there is no doubt that discourses intended to define the boundaries of self and others, help to create inequities of power that allow for one group to take political, economic, and social advantage of another. Therefore, the need for a language that embraces divergent cultures, ethnicities, and belief systems is a valid one, and one that particularly needs to be pursued in a modern world dominated by the proliferation of the written and spoken word.
In today’s global society, the search for an inclusive language becomes more and more pressing if we are all to live together peacefully amid our many differences.
Initially, the roots of political correctness stemmed from a growing recognition of the power and potential abuses of language in the latter half of the 20th century. In essence, the politically correct movement was aimed at altering word choice in language to avoid offending a certain group of people or reinforcing a stereotype concerning that group.
Since the early 1980s, this has come to shape our language, shifting basic terminologies that refer to specific groups of people from expressions steeped in discrimination and marginalization to more neutral terms. A prime example is the shift in designations for Black Americans from politically loaded terms like “Negro,” or “colored,” to the more neutral descriptor like African-American.
The same holds true for the shift from “crippled” to “disabled,” and finally to “differently abled” or “physically challenged,” when referring to those who are handicapped.
However, there have certainly been backlashes to this movement. As language and public discourse come more and more under scrutiny, the arenas in which offense can take place become much more broadly based. There also seem to be no limits to the boundaries of what this movement can dictate as acceptable or improper, and it has in turn, infiltrated many areas of the private sectors that some would deem inappropriate.
Overall, it seems that, as we have gotten deeper and deeper into the unpacking of language and meaning, it becomes more and more difficult not to offend. Within this paradigm, the focus becomes more and more directed toward what is offensive, rather than focusing on a search for common ground.
Rather than striving to delineate new designations of right and wrong, a more effective route would be to move toward a language with less structure, one that is more inclusive of the endless differences that exist in societies today. In addition, the key to building this style of discourse is rooted squarely in education, in the development of a more informed, and thereby compassionate populace who seeks to understand and embrace differences, and diversity in terms of lifestyle, belief system, and life approach.
Instead of seeking to eradicate differences, the focus should be on acknowledging and embracing them, which would begin an effective process of building bridges between cultures, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, or religion.
The power of language is twofold. Although it can seek to dominate and control, it is also our most powerful weapon toward building a diverse world where differences can thrive. When understanding is cultivated across lines of race, gender, culture, and ethnicity, it allows the diversity of all to enrich our identity, while helping each of us to utilize our strengths to build a stronger, more vibrant society, where all everyone from every walk of life retains meaning and purpose in another’s overarching worldviews.
- What is Political Correctness? - Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.
- Ethics, Education, and Political Correctness - Santa Clara University
- What is Political Correctness and What’s Wrong with It? - IdentityIndependence.com
- Philip Davies MP bombarded watchdog in 'political correctness' campaign - guardian.co.uk